Are your child’s hands developing correctly?

kids, girl, pencil, pencil grip, writing, occupational therapy

Typical Development of Grasping and Reaching Patterns

From birth to mature grasp

Birth to 1 month

  • No reach
  • Has random arm movements
  • Moves arms symmetrically
newborn, baby 1 month, hand development

2 months

  • Recognizes hands
  • Thumb usually outside of palm
  • Asymmetrical reach
baby, 2 months, thumb outside of palm, development

3 months

  • Voluntary grasp when placed in hand- grasp reflex decreases
  • Attempts to reach toward a toy
  • Plays with fingers at chest in middle of body
voluntary grasp, child, baby, development

4 months

  • Leans toward reaching arm
  • Symmetrical reach with both hands
  • Brings hands to mouth and knees
  • More open hand/fingers
4 month baby reaching, development

5 months

  • Reaches with one hand laying on belly
  • Holds with palmar grasp for a couple of seconds
  • Corrals objects (traps and pushes with open hand)
  • Hands to feet
baby, blanket, newborn-1839565.jpg
baby, hands to feet, development
baby, reaching on belly, one hand, development

6 months

  • Radial Palmar Grasp
  • Bangs items
  • Rakes small items (all fingers extend and flex when trying to grab)
baby, radial grasp, development

7 months

  • Reach and grasp with straight arm
  • Palm faces self when bending elbow
  • Moves wrist when holding toy or object
  • Shakes and bangs items
baby reaching with straight arm, fine motor development

8 months

  • Holds two objects in one hand
  • Hands and fingers conform to object’s shape
  • Radial digital grasp
  • Three jaw chuck
  • Lateral pinch
hand conforms to object shape, fine motor development

11 months

  • Can reach overhead
  • Can hold outstretched arm to side with palm up
baby reaching above head, supinated arm, child development

2-3 years

  • Digital Pronate
  • All fingers are pointed
child, correct writing grasp by age

4 years

Static Tripod

drawing, child, correct writing or drawing grasp

5-6 years

  • Mature dynamic tripod
  • More fine tune movements of joints in fingers
pencil, hand, writing grasp

How is your child’s sitting core strength developing? Check out postural and core development progression here.

Concerned about your child's development? Immediate openings available for screenings!